Dark matter does not exist and the universe is 27 billion years old • Earth.com

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By journalsofus.com


The fabric of the cosmos, as we currently understand it, comprises three main components: “normal matter,” “dark energy,’ and ‘dark matter’. However, new research is changing this established model.

A recent study conducted by the university of ottawa presents compelling evidence that challenges the traditional model of the universe, suggesting that there may be no place for dark matter inside.

Core of the new CCC+TL model

Dark matter, a term used in cosmology, refers to the elusive substance which does not interact with light or electromagnetic fields and is only identifiable through its gravitational effects.

Despite its mysterious nature, dark matter has been a fundamental element in explaining the behavior of galaxiesstars and planets.

At the center of this research is Rajendra Gupta, distinguished professor of physics in the Faculty of Sciences. Gupta’s innovative approach involves the integration of two theoretical models: the covariant coupling constants (CCC) and “tired light” (T.L.), known together as the CCC+TL model.

This model explores the notion that the forces of nature diminish over cosmic time and that light loses energy over great distances. This theory has been rigorously tested and aligns with several astronomical observations, including the distribution of galaxies and the evolution of light from the early universe.

Consequences of a cosmos free of dark matter

This discovery challenges the conventional understanding that dark matter makes up about 27% of the universe, ordinary matter makes up less than 5%, and the rest is dark energywhile redefining our perspective on the age and expansion of the universe.

“The study’s findings confirm our previous work, which suggested that the universe is 26.7 billion yearsdenying the need for the existence of dark matter,” explains Gupta.

“Contrary to standard cosmological theories where the accelerated expansion of the universe is attributed to dark energy, our findings indicate that this expansion is due to debilitating forces of nature, not dark energy,” he continued.

The science behind Gupta’s discovery

An integral part of Gupta’s research involved the analysis of “redshifts,” a phenomenon in which light shifts toward the red part of the spectrum.

By examining data on the distribution of galaxies at low redshifts and the angular size of the sound horizon at high redshifts, Gupta makes a compelling argument against the existence of dark matter, while remaining consistent with key points. cosmological observations.

Gupta confidently concludes: “There are several papers that question the existence of dark matter, but mine is the first, to my knowledge, that eliminates its cosmological existence and at the same time is consistent with key cosmological observations that we have had time to confirm.” “.

Implications and future directions

In summary, Rajendra Gupta’s groundbreaking research fundamentally challenges the prevailing cosmological model by proposing a universe without the need for dark matter.

By integrating covariant coupling constants and tired theories of light, Gupta not only challenges conventional understandings of cosmic composition but also offers a new perspective on the expansion and age of the universe.

This fundamental study invites the scientific community to reconsider long-held beliefs about dark matter and raises exciting new avenues for understanding the fundamental forces and properties of the cosmos.

Through diligent analysis and a bold approach, Gupta’s work marks an important step forward in our quest to decode the mysteries of the universe.

More about dark matter

As mentioned above, dark matter remains one of the most enigmatic aspects of our universe. Despite its invisibility and the fact that it does not emit, absorb or reflect light, dark matter plays a crucial role in the cosmos.

Many scientists, although certainly not Rajendra Gupta, infer its presence from the gravitational effects it exerts on visible matter, radiation, and the large-scale structure of the universe.

Foundation of the theory of dark matter.

The theory of dark matter arose from discrepancies between the observed mass of large astronomical objects and their mass calculated based on their gravitational effects.

In the 1930s, astronomer Fritz Zwicky was one of the first to suggest that invisible matter could explain the “missing” mass in the coma galaxy cluster.

Since then, evidence has continued to accumulate, including galaxy rotation curves that indicate the presence of much more mass than can be explained by visible matter alone.

Role in the cosmos

Dark matter is believed to make up about 27% of the universe’s total mass and energy. Unlike normal matter, dark matter does not interact with the electromagnetic force, meaning it does not absorb, reflect, or emit light, making it extremely difficult to detect directly.

Its presence is inferred through its gravitational effects on visible matter, the curvature of light (gravitational lensing) and its influence on cosmic microwave background radiation.

Scientists have developed several innovative methods to detect dark matter indirectly. Experiments such as those carried out with underground particle detectors and space telescopes aim to observe the byproducts of dark matter interactions or annihilation.

CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) also looks for signs of dark matter particles in high-energy particle collisions. Despite these efforts, dark matter has yet to be directly detected, making it one of the most important challenges in modern physics.

The future of dark matter research

The quest to understand dark matter continues to drive advances in astrophysics and particle physics. Future observations and experiments may reveal the nature of dark matter, shedding light on this cosmic mystery.

As technology advances, the hope is to directly detect dark matter particles or find new evidence that could confirm or challenge our current theories about the composition of the universe.

At its core, dark matter theory underscores our quest to understand the vast, invisible components of the universe. Its resolution has the potential to revolutionize our understanding of the universe, from the smallest particles to the largest structures in the cosmos.

More about the CCC+TL model

As mentioned above as a key component of Gupta’s research, two intriguing concepts, covariant coupling constants (CCC) and the “tired light” (TL) model, have captured the imagination of scientists and astronomers alike. Recently, these two theories have been combined into a novel framework known as the CCC+TL model.

CCC+TL Fundamentals

Covariant coupling constants (CCC)

The theory of covarying coupling constants postulates that the fundamental constants of nature, which dictate the strength of forces between particles, are not fixed but vary throughout the cosmos. This variation could have profound implications for physical laws as we know them, affecting everything from atomic structures to the behavior of galaxies.

“Tired Light” (TL) Model

On the other hand, the “Tired Light” model offers a radical explanation for the observed redshift in the light of distant galaxies. Instead of attributing this redshift to the expansion of the universe, as the Big Bang theory does, the TL model suggests that light loses energy (and therefore shifts toward the red end of the spectrum) as it travels. through space. This energy loss could be due to interactions with particles or fields, causing light to “tire” at long distances.

Integrating CCC and TL

The CCC+TL model represents an ambitious attempt to integrate these two theories into a cohesive framework. In doing so, it aims to offer new insights into the behavior of the universe both on a large scale and over immense periods of time.

Implications for cosmology

Merging CCC and TL into a single model has far-reaching implications for cosmology. It challenges the conventional understanding of cosmic expansion and the constancy of physical laws throughout the universe. If the CCC+TL model is correct, it could lead to a paradigm shift in how we interpret cosmic phenomena, from cosmic microwave background radiation to galaxy formation and evolution.

Possible challenges and criticisms

As with any innovative theory, the CCC+TL model faces skepticism and challenges from the scientific community. Critics argue that there is substantial evidence supporting the constancy of physical constants and the expansion of the universe according to the Big Bang model. Furthermore, the CCC+TL model must contend with the lack of direct observational evidence for variable coupling constants or mechanisms behind “tired light.”

Future perspectives and research on CCC+TL

Despite these challenges, the CCC+TL model opens new avenues for research and exploration. Scientists are actively researching the theoretical foundations of the model, as well as devising experiments and observations to test its predictions.

Searching for evidence

One of the key focuses is to identify empirical evidence that can support or refute the variable constants and energy loss mechanisms proposed by the model. This includes precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background, studies of distant supernovae, and the search for variations in fundamental constants in different regions of the universe.

Role of advanced technology in CCC+TL

Advances in technology, particularly in telescopes and detectors, play a crucial role in testing the CCC+TL model. These tools allow astronomers to observe the universe in unprecedented detail and sensitivity, potentially discovering phenomena that could support or challenge the model.

In summary, the CCC+TL model represents a bold crossover between two unconventional theories, offering a new perspective on the workings of the cosmos. While it faces significant challenges, its exploration is a testament to the dynamic and ever-evolving nature of cosmological research.

As our tools and understanding improve, so will our understanding of the deepest mysteries of the universe, possibly with the CCC+TL model leading the way.

The full study was published in The Astrophysical Magazine.

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